Following on from the last weeks and my posts Holistic Health and Exercise: Body vs. The Mind, I am continuing with my theme of trying to create a positive balance in all aspects of our bodies. I have spoken on exercise and the idea of Holism or Holistic health; how exercise contributes to Holism and the positive effects this approach of treating the whole person (not just symptoms and manifestations) can have for those of us with Acquired Brain Injury/Traumatic Brain Injury. I will continue in a similar vain today and talk about the part played by diet and nutrition. Specifically I will try to emphasise the ways certain vitamins, minerals and other nutritional benefits from certain foods can affect our state of mind and the way we feel generally. I am hoping I will be able to provide you all with come dietary information that can improve our circulation, our production of levels, our immune system generally as well as the ability to produce certain hormones, in particular, the feel good hormones.
Vitamins & Minerals – What Can They Do For You?
There are common misconceptions made about what we eat and how our diets can affect so many aspects of our wellbeing. I believe personally that there is not enough education regarding the potential nutritional value of certain foods during years of compulsory education. I release that due to the continual advances mad in science these days that to constantly adapt curriculum to incorporate everything would be nigh on impossible. That being said, I do believe that with a better understanding from a young age (the start of GCSE’s, say) of what vitamins and minerals actually do to the human body (not just lightly glossed over) that the current crisis regarding childhood obesity would not be as bad as it is where approx. 19% of UK children in the age group of ten to eleven years old are classed as obese according to recent UK public health surveys (http://www.noo.org.uk/NOO_about_obesity/child_obesity).
Of course diet and nutrition contribute to our physical wellbeing (Body Mass Index, Blood Pressure etc.) but few people are aware of the positive effect a varied healthy and nutritious diet can have on other aspects of the human body and mind. Our digestive system, muscle repairs, energy production, our immune and circulatory systems, sleep pattern and state of mind can all be positively affected by such a varied nutritious diet.
So many people will read that last paragraph and believe that I am full of hot air. However, I will be doing my best to provide you with some information on the type of foods that can provide these types of nutritional benefits. By the end of the post, you will be able to see a few particular foods that keep cropping up and can aid our physical, cognitive and mental health.
I cannot possibly hope to get through all vitamins and minerals required for a model diet post-ABI or TBI. However the one I have chosen is the one that contributes to most dietary needs for someone after brain injury to keep them healthy in body and mind.
Vitamin B is a key part of any persons diet and provides so many benefits. The problem is that people trying to improve their diet can often get confused or mixed up due to the fact that Vitamin B has six sub categories, each with varying properties and each one providing the body with different benefits. So I will go through the different types of B vitamin and what each provides for the human body to provide some clarity and hopefully enable those that want to change their diets for the better to get the benefits they are after. Each paragraph on the different B vitamins will have a emboldened section which I believe provides particularly important information for ABI and TBI patients.
B1 – Foods that contain B1: Rice, Oats, Nuts and Butternut Squash.
Otherwise known as Thiamine, is important for helping digestion in the human body, maintaining cellular and organ function and keeping energy levels at an even and suitable height. It also helps to create strong mucous membranes as well as helping to maintain the body’s nervous system. A deficiency of vitamin B1 can cause extreme fatigue as well as degeneration of the nervous and gastrointestinal system as well as degeneration of muscular systems.
B2 – Foods that contain B2: Quinoa, Oats, Spinach and Mangetout.
B2 (Riboflavine) is important for maintaining muscle tissues as it plays a key role in repairing muscle tissue and mucous membranes. As well as playing an important part in converting food into energy. This would be an important vitamin to ingest for those who are regular exercisers, as foods high in B2 will help with repairing minor post-exercise damage done to any muscles.
B3 – Foods containing B3: Chicken, Turkey, Fresh Tuna and Crimini Mushrooms.
Vitamin B3, to give it its technical name Niacin, is key to the production and storage of fats that can be used as a source of energy in the human body. As an added bonus B3 is also vital in detoxifying the body by eliminating free radicals and maximizing our energy potential (What are Free Radicals? To what extent are they dangerous as the body naturally produces them? Follow the link for an overview of Free Radical production and their purpose – https://draxe.com/fighting-free-radical-damage/). Once again, this B vitamin plays a part in maintaining nerves, the brain and digestive systems, protects the skin as well as maintaining healthy mucous membranes.
B5 – Foods containing B5: Cauliflower, Egg Yolks, Turkey and Avocado.
Vitamin B5 or Pantothenic Acid is key to strengthening the body’s immune system. It acts as a stimulant for the production of antibodies helping us to fight off illness and infection. B5 also enables us to deal with stress better aiding the adrenal glands in producing the hormones to better produce red blood cells and the hormones related to both sex and stress. An increased presence of B5 included in the diets of people suffering with anxiety or nerves could provide some improvement for you, especially when combined with exercise.
B6 – Foods containing B6: Eggs, Soya Beans, Mackerel and Turkey.
This is an important one for all of us with ABI or TBI. Not only does vitamin B6 or Pyridoxine, help to make and produce key amino acids for the immune system but also helps produce Phagocytic cells. Phagocytic cells ingest and destroy foreign bacteria and particles that find their way into our blood stream. Most importantly for ABI/TBI/Brain Injury readers out there, B6 helps the body produce several different neurotransmitters, the chemicals that carry signals from one brain cell to another. Finally it helps with the production of Serotonin, the hormone that contributes to mood as well as the hormone Norepinephrine that helps to regulate our body clock and sleep pattern.
B12 – Foods that contain B12: Beef Liver, Fresh Tuna, and Raw Milk.
B12 is fundamental for the human body due to its requirement for the process of making DNA. It also helps to transport oxygen in the blood, playing a part in detoxifying the body, lowering blood pressure and levels of cholesterol. Most importantly for us struggling with brain injuries out there it also helps to maintain brain function while at the same time helping to reduce brain and neurological degeneration.
Folic Acid – Foods that contain Folic Acid: Lentils, Avocado, Broccoli and Citrus Fruit/Citrus Fruit Juices.
Folic Acid is a B-vitamin that makes a significant contribution to our reproductive. Just as importantly it helps with maintain healthy blood cells as well as playing a part in the process of mitosis (cell division). The work that Folic acid does producing maintaining blood cells helps to reduce the risk of illnesses such as cancer
Magnesium – Foods that contain Magnesium: Rice, Quinoa, Spinach and Mackerel.
High levels of magnesium in our bodies mean that we can absorb more calcium. Maintaining a consistently high level of magnesium in the blood means our bodies have an easier time producing energy and helping with nerve transmission. This particular mineral also aids maintain muscle function and our metabolism.
Zinc – Foods that contain Zinc: Rice, Dark Chocolate (with high Cocoa solid percentage), Cashew Nuts and Seafood (generally).
Zinc is predominantly an anti-oxidant, anti-viral mineral. Its main benefit really is that it boosts the body’s overall immunity as well as helping with the development and maturation of Lymphocytes commonly known as T-Cells (T-Cells are a type of cell that helps fight illness and infection. There are various types of T-Cells all with different roles and purposes in the immune system. Low levels of T-Cells weaken the immune system, making us more susceptible to illness, infection or disease). It is these Lymphocytes, T- Cells, that the HIV virus attacks when it is transmitted, lowering our immune system making us more prone to illness and unable to recover.
EFA’s (Essential Fatty Acid’s including Omega 3 and Omega 6) – Foods containing EFA’s: Walnuts, Broccoli, Eggs and Olive Oil.
The important role of EFA’s is that they are an anti-inflammatory as well as playing a vital part in maintaining healthy blood, skin and nerves. EFA’s are also believed to improve the responsiveness of the immune system. EFA’s can also be commonly found in oily fish such as fresh mackerel, tuna, salmon etc.
Foods that can increase the production of serotonin: Eggs, Salmon, Nuts & Seeds, and Pineapple.
As I stated earlier in the post, Serotonin is a hormone produced to help regulate our moods. As I mentioned in my post regarding exercise, the release of serotonin is the hormone behind the so-called “Runners High”, the feeling of happiness and ecstasy one get post-exercise. While exercise is certainly something that I would recommend for those looking for the uplifting feeling of higher levels of serotonin there are other methods such as the type of foods we eat that can induce higher levels of serotonin production.
I am certainly not an expert when it comes to dietary needs and exercise but if you want to find out some alternative drinks to try, have a look at my friend Chelsea’s blog on various teas and their benefits: specifically her post on teas more suitable for patients whttp://www.tastethetea.co.uk.
Common Appearances In Healthy Diet
It would seem as though there were a fair few foods that made repeat appearances through the various categories I have listed. It would stand to reason then that the foods that crop up in different categories I have mentioned should be incorporated as a key part of our diet. From the evidence and research I have provided it would seem fairly clear that a diet high in oily fish, poultry, rice, grains, nuts & seeds, as well as green leafy vegetables are the foundation of making us healthy and making us feel good physically, cognitively and mentally. While I did not do a section on this particular dietary supplement I would encourage the consumption of anything with Flavanoids, which helps with the maintenance and repair of blood vessels, muscle tissue and aids circulation. Flavanoids are commonly found in Seeds & Nuts, Berries, Tree Fruit (Plums, Cherries etc.) and Kidney beans.
All I can suugest is that we try to continue to eat a varied and healthy diet. The issue nowadays is that so much food is processed, preserved or artificial that any goodness is cooked out of it. Many people believe that supplements and vitamins tablets can provide everything we need. However the more we try to cook ourselves, the more we are willing to experiment with our diet, the bigger the benefits we will receive. Even if you don’t consider yourself a dab hand in the kitchen just give it a go. Buy a cookery book. Here’s a link to get you started to Jamie Oliver’s Super Food cookbook.