Go Back A Step – Depression

Go Back A Step – Depression

First of all, I want to thank everyone for their continued support and interest in my blog over the pact eight or nine months. I have had some wonderful responses and talked to some inspirational people, with amazing stories who have overcome many similar obstacles (and in some cases more) that I have. There are also those that are still struggling and I am glad that you have taken the time to read my words, whether they offer, hope, knowledge or even just a different way of looking at things, it is amazing just to have my work taken seriously.

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I would also like to take a moment to offer an apology. Over the last few weeks, I have really struggled with issues of my own regarding depression, anxiety and just a general feeling of negativity. I have overworked myself over the past month, taken on too much and as a result my writing and commitment to you, the readers, has not been good enough.

Where I Failed

Over the past few weeks my linear narrative (which was focused on issues around depression, as will the posts over the next few weeks) has been disrupted by many events like ABI week, National Epilepsy Week and so forth. Over the past month I felt my mind and my thoughts sinking into the bog that is the negative thought process of depression: easy to get into, extremely difficult to get out of. My passion was waning and I produced content that was average at best and I knew was average but posted it anyway. There was a lack of enthusiasm, a lack of passion and to be honest, just a lack of care.

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After I had pulled myself out of this funk of depression and negativity I went back over the content I had posted and saw that the quality was poor. Not just in terms of the content that was written but just as much in the content that was not written, particularly when I spoke of what we go through (Mental Health: What We’re Dealing WithMental Health: What We’re Dealing With (Part 2)Post-ABI: Depression) with regards to our mental frailty and fragile mental health post-ABI. If there is anything I can say about the previous post on depression it is that it was written in very broad terms, talking only in a general way, about the issue and about things that people who have never experienced it generally presume to know anyway. What I didn’t write about is the feeling nobody other than someone who has suffered from depression will know: the dangerous period of time where people hit the bottom. When people feel as though they have no escape, no way out and that life is a game that they don’t want to play anymore. This is a serious discussion that is often avoided (I myself skipped ahead in my last post, Depression – The Positive Effects of Exercise, trying to provide methods of recovery when I had not fully explained the severity of depression.) At times in my recovery, I have felt that way and I will try my best to shed some light on why I felt the way I did and hopefully redeem myself for some pretty poor work over the past month.

Where the Depression Stems From

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As I have stated in past posts, in the early stages of recovery is where the seed is sewn regarding depression. We are mourning the loss of our former selves, the loss of certain abilities, brain functions and physical function, talents and personality traits. However what I believe to be the water that gives this seed the nourishment to grow is the feeling of, as we become more aware of our situation in passing months, a feeling of uselessness. You begin to question what exactly is your function and whether this will be your condition forever. When you are in the situation where you are gradually adjusting to living life with an acquired brain injury, it is difficult to see past the present and look to the future. Only with the right support from the right people can you avoid this trap. If you slip into a state of mind where, seeing what others around you are doing to support you, you end up asking yourself, am I a burden? Am I useless?

You Are Not a Burden

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As I say above, when you see what others are doing around you to help your recovery it can feel as though you are a burden. For a long time after my injury (the severity of which took complex brain surgery to save my life) I thought, “I wish I could just die!” Or I kept asking myself, “would it have been better if they had just let me die?”

The answer to that is a short and simple one, NO.

We all have something to contribute to this world everyone’s presence is vital. I firmly believe that. What we have to ask ourselves is that when parents and siblings, cousins, whoever do the things, do they do them out of obligation? Of course not, the reason that they do it is because they love us and have hope that things can get better for us. It is a hope that we need to find ourselves during recovery and it is a difficult thing to obtain. But as recovery slowly progresses we will find ourselves being able to do a certain thing that we weren’t able to do a few months ago (using examples from my own experience now, get up and walk down the stairs). That provides hope. We slowly improve on certain things and obtain other new skills that ease certain pressures on the people who are caring for us (being able to go to the bathroom and bathe without support). That provides hope.

There is also something to the notion that accepting that you need help is a big stage of conquering depression. Accepting that there will be setbacks and negative outcomes along the way is essential. It took me a long time to recognize and accept this notion. I think that is a result of that idea of mourning and that sense of loss that you feel after an ABI, that a thing that you used to be able to do so easily is now a real struggle. It makes you so angry that (in most cases) a situation that was not in your control has left you in this state. Getting over that resentment is the hardest part of ABI recovery in my opinion. It is only in the last year or two that the anger in me has subsided. In this particular situation it is a case of learning to control that anger and finding a suitable and constructive outlet.

It is my belief that the key to seeing through the mist that is that early stage of hopelessness, is to take the little victories that you achieve, hold on to them and keep them close. Because if you can achieve that, there are certainly other things you can do. I would also advise you to accept the help that is offered and listen to the positive words and the advice of those around you. Why not set yourself a larger goal for the long term?

Futures & Goals

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I was barely aware of what a future might entail. It took a lot of verbal support and a carefully monitored recovery plan (that was always adaptable and in transition) and the help of a (very) small number of workers assigned to my post-discharge rehab for me to see that there might even be a future. Establishing the fact that enough people believed in me, that I still had the abilities and that I could achieve things if worked hard enough was what enabled me to set myself a target and work towards a future. Trust me when I say this, the people who love you have these hopes for you to. They know you can achieve the things you want with the right amount of determination and the right work ethic. As for me, that target (getting back into education) was the closest thing to a long-term target I had, what I would do after that? That was another target to be set when I had achieved the first one.

I was extremely fortunate to achieve my goal and that the outcome was the best I could hope for. During my time at university, having a spent a year at home to recover, I was forced to try and confront all the challenges that I had struggled with. The things I had had to learn at home (cooking, regular bathing, cleaning my room etc.) were now completely up to me and I didn’t have anyone immediately near by to fall back on. It was a long, hard and some points miserable time. For the most part though, it was good for me, not just in terms of improving my health and my skills but in helping me socialise and learn new things. It was a big gamble for me to go to university but it is one I am glad I took. That can be a big contributor to improving your state of mind; changing your surroundings and challenging yourself!

We Need To Look Forward

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All people, whether fully abled people or people with a disability can contribute big things to the world. Everyday and throughout human existence you hear stories of great men and women achieving things, not just building a future for themselves but going down in history. Look at people such as Stephen Hawking, the greatest mind the world has ever known, confined to a wheelchair due to Motor-Neuron disease. Julius Caesar, according to studies of records and history, suffered from Epilepsy (or mini-strokes according to new findings) and he was the ruler of the Roman Empire and the reason that the empire was the size it was in the first place (that isn’t me advocating revolution and imperial dictatorship, but hey!). As a final example, David Weir (six time Paralympian gold medalist wheelchair racer) became the person in a wheelchair to complete a mile in less than three minutes.

My point being that we all have something within us that lead us onto greatness. After something like an ABI and while trapped in the quagmire of depression, anger and resentment that comes shortly afterwards, we need to find something to hold on to. Whether these are our own achievements, the love and support of family, friends or spouses or simply a determination to succeed in the pursuit of a long-term goal, they are the flames that keep burning and produce light in the dark, dank caves that are our minds during serious periods of depression. It is essential that, whatever you do, you do not let that light go out!

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Let It Out…

My name is Tom; I am 26 years old and the survivor of an acquired brain injury. Many of the last few updates I have posted recently have been following something of a theme. The theme I have been trying to follow and the message I have tried to impart has been about the importance of adapting to change; the change of outlook that inevitably comes with a traumatic, life-threatening injury. There is a change in your abilities and a change in lifestyle that comes with coming to terms with these changes without allowing them to dictate every aspect of your life. Both of them are an extremely hard process to go through. I have also tried to stress the importance of self-reliance and self-belief during said process and my belief that it is something of a necessity. I am of the opinion that a certain degree of the recovery we make and the process of moving forward, towards a target, is something you can achieve yourself; that YOU CAN create a fulfilling and enjoyable life after an acquired brain injury.

Contributors To Stress

The difficulty with living an independent life, maybe working or volunteering, getting back into education, some people may even be living independently, the difficulty is that they are undoubtedly stressful in and of themselves. When you combine them with the difficulty of living with a head injury; the after-effects both emotional and physical as well as difficulties with both cognitive and thought processes, combined with the every day demand of motivating ourselves, of getting up and trying to achieve our ambitions means that it can be very difficult to keep it together on an emotional level. The fact of the matter is, the general stresses of life can be difficult for people to handle, head injury or no head injury. So if you are feeling overwhelmed, over emotional, depressed or stressed out, know that you are not alone.

Mental Health, Emotions & Feelings

It shocked me to learn that’s around one in four people each year will suffer from some kind of mental health problem (predominantly stress and anxiety). That’s just when we consider the ordinary everyday population without any extenuating circumstances, for example life changing injuries, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, or some kind of childhood trauma in their lives. The stresses that being an independent, self-reliant adult, who also happens to have suffered from a brain injury, are huge, we all know that. So we, perhaps more than most people, have both a right and a necessity to get those feelings off our chests.

Need To Talk?

While in past posts I have acknowledged the need for a loving and trustworthy group of friends and family in whom you can trust and confide in. However it also has to be emphasized that there are certain things that you absolutely do not want to share with those close friends and family. From personal experience, I know that this is not because of a lack of trust, more because you do not feel comfortable sharing certain pieces of personal information with those closer to you. Whether that is because you believe your concerns or confessions may change their opinion of you, whether you are embarrassed or ashamed of said confession or simply you would rather have those people did not know this particular piece of information. Whatever the reason, sharing intimate things with people who know you intimately is a very difficult thing to do.

I think that when we want to talk about our problems, our secrets and information of a personal nature, what we really want is somebody to just sit there and listen. This desire to disclose information can often be misinterpreted by those closest to us. Don’t get me wrong, the manner in which they misunderstand comes from the best possible place. I believe that when we share our problems with friends and family, it is natural for them to want to solve the problem for us or to help solve the problem ourselves, when that is not necessarily what we want. All we want is to be able to vent and have somebody listen. Quite often, from my experience, the person you have shared with will then want to really get into the subject in depth, which can cause us to get frustrated, leading to tension within the relationship. Considering the circumstances, that is the last thing that we need.

So, what is the alternative? Where do we go to talk to people? From my experience, talking to somebody impartial, who only has my best interests at heart and is there just to listen to me, has been hugely beneficial.

Services Available and Where To Find Them

NB: At the end of this blog post, there will be a list of links to the services I have mentioned below. I hope they will be of some use to you.

This type of psychological treatment and talking therapy can come from many different places in a variety of forms. I would advise searching all of the available providers to find the service that will benefit you the most, such as the many dedicated organisations and charities as well as private professionals. There is also the option ask for a referral to the Neuropsychological/Counselling services through the NHS facilities in your area. People reading this may see that final option as something of a road to nowhere due to the current circumstances and financial cuts to the mental health profession, meaning the services are perhaps not what they once were (which may be true to some degree). However, if you do get a referral I would urge you to attend a few sessions. You will get the opportunity to discuss issues that are bothering you, whether they are frustrations regarding your injury, issues at home, work, school or problems with relationships, with a trained neuropsychologist. Most importantly, you will get to express how you truly feel about these problems in a safe environment.

Or if you perhaps wanted something slightly less formal but still specific to the field of brain injuries, a good place to start would be The United Kingdom Acquired Brain Injury Forum (UKABIF). This online forum provides a vast amount of information relating to contacts, services and resources in the field of brain injury recovery. If you click on the resources tab, follow the head and brain injury signpost link where you will find a list of services. When you click on a particular service (in this case, support groups and helplines) it will take you to a directory of contact information for brain injury charities and organisations that spread across the length and width of the UK.

If you want to start closer to home, you can’t really do much better than contacting your local Headway UK chapter who can provide information in abundance regarding potential services in your area.

There is also the option to obtain the help of private professionals if you are merely looking to share your problems regarding your experiences and the effects of head injuries on you or a loved one. A simple way to do this, to find the right professional where you live is to visit the UK Counselling Directory that can be found online. You type your postcode into the website’s search bar and the website will provide contact information for the many counsellers and psychotherapists in your surrounding area.

Staying On An Even Keel…

If there is one thing that I have learned over the last six years, it is that life will hand you nothing. If you want something you’re have to go out there and take it for yourself. While I am a big believer in self-discipline, self-reliance and self-belief, I am also a big believer in the saying “…a problem shared is a problem halved”. I do not want my beliefs, particularly where I say that it is better to rely on ones self than it is to rely on others, to be misinterpreted. When I say that, I am talking specifically about performing tasks and acting on opportunities. I AM NOT saying that looking for help when it is needed is a sign of weakness and that communicating with people and expressing your emotions is a bad idea. In fact I would say quite the opposite.

The fact of the matter is that the stresses of everyday life, our opinions, emotions and feelings can sometimes be too much to handle. In my opinion, the need to express ourselves in a safe environment without the fear of scorn, ridicule or judgement plays a vital part in contributing to staying balanced on an emotional level. So I urge you, if you’re struggling with issues that you want to express then give some of these services a go. Let it out!

  1. http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Counselling/Pages/Introduction.aspx
  2. http://ukabif.org.uk
  3. https://www.headway.org.uk
  4. http://www.counselling-directory.org.uk

Overcoming Negative Influences & People

My name is Tom; I am 26 years old and the survivor of Acquired Brain Injury. I focused a lot on the importance of self-belief as well as having a supportive group of family and friends around you. These things can make huge difference throughout your recovery. Having faith in who you are and what you are doing combined with words of encouragement, congratulations as well as having a shoulder to cry on when things get tough, can in fact be the thing that is the difference maker in the rehabilitation process. Those supportive sentiments of close friends and family go a long way towards building up that sense of self belief, that belief that there is a life after a brain injury that can be productive, fulfilling and exciting.

But what about the people out there who seem to do their best to exude sentiments that make us feel the opposite to this, people who say things that are seemingly designed to try and bring us down. Having to accept the presence of people like this has started to make me think. When engaging with people, aside from the close group of people who have supported us throughout our recovery, do the opinions of other people, what they think of what we do and who we are while we go through our recuperation, do their opinions really matter?

Don’t Let Them Bring You Down!

My answer? My opinion? No. These people and their opinions do not matter in the slightest. We all have a rough target (I would assume), a goal we want to reach, a place we want to get to; the important thing is to believe that you can get yourself there. This is the thing, brain injury or no brain injury, we are, all of us unique. We all have talents, traits and factors that make us valuable, talented and the lack of a better word, special (I know it sounds cheesy and I swore I would not get too sickly but I couldn’t think of another way of putting it).

We need to keep the Faith that these talents and abilities, combined with a enough hard work and determination and maybe a little bit of fortune, Will eventually take us where we want to go and where we deserve to be. We, as survivors of brain injuries, of all people make better than anyone that life is not going to necessarily be fair. It will be hard, unfair and I’m kind where it can be. When life knocks us down, we have to get up, dust ourselves down and get ready to go again.

Trust In Yourself

I realize that I have covered issues regarding self-belief and confidence in the previous post but it does need to be mentioned again. If you cannot rely on and believe in yourself it does become very difficult to set yourself apart from the crowd and understand that you do not necessarily need the approval or the endorsement of others for your own actions.

It seems particularly odd to me that many people seem to have especially strong opinions about things that have absolutely nothing to do with them, that will not affect them and that they know very little about. Yet, they seem to think it appropriate to judge a person when they actually have no facts or any context, the two main things that tend to dictate the decision-making process. We have to acknowledge that in certain environments people are going to talk, gossip and form opinions based on those two things. You must have the courage and the awareness to realise that, even though it is not ideal, perhaps you’re better off on your own and without these people in your life.

Friends, Relationships & Trust

This is a difficult subject for me to address. I found, as I know you all have, that’s a brain injury changes your abilities in many ways, particularly in the ways that you perform socially.

I found that after I suffered my injury, many people I previously counted as friends once all that interested in staying in touch any more. The reason? I have spent some time asking myself this question over the last two years and I have in fact come to a conclusion. The truth is my health situation meant the time is now something of a burden, an inconvenience. My situation disrupted the norm because certain allowances had to be made for me. As this became more obvious to the people who were, at the time, the people I counted as friends it just became easier to not invite me to do things at all.

I have had plenty of time to think about this question. When I do now, I realise that I am not hurt by it. In fact, to some degree, I even understand it. I do not resent them for it, when I see them now we still get on very well. It is simply the way life goes; friendships will breakdown. It is an inevitable and regrettable fact of life.

But this is not what I am here to talk about what I want to say to people who have suffered a brain injury, if you find yourself associating with people whom you have not met before, do so with an element of caution. Something that I realized quite quickly when I started to socialize with my peers again comma is that there are people out there who will try to take advantage of us; treat us like things that into time that and the only be a friend to us whenever is something tangible to be gained from it from their perspective.

This may sound incredibly negative and I am not suggesting that we distrust everybody or in any way you cut ourselves off from society. All I would say is that after her brain injury you, I, we are very vulnerable and an easy target for people who would want to take advantage. As such I would suggest being very selective as to whom we trust. Since my injury, after experiencing people who, on reflection, What obviously trying to take advantage of me, I have kept a very small, very close circle of friends to support me alongside my family. After a time you will know who these friends are; they will be the people who come through for you time and again, the people who are there for you without you having to ask.

Let The Haters Hate…

Now, I realise that heading maybe far to pop culture for me to pull off, but in this case never has a truer phrase been said. As I said earlier, relationships breakdown that is an inevitable part of life; however, there will be some people who tried to use your injury as some kind of excuse for that breakdown or as an excuse to treat you differently. An example from my own life, when it became obvious that, due to my epilepsy as well as my brain injury, returning to work would not be possible for me I have been accused of having a lack of ambition and called lazy as a result. I have been told that because of the allowances that need to be made for my conditions, it will be nearly impossible for me to find anyone who would want to get involved with me romantically.

When this kind of nastiness occurs, we just have to tell ourselves that these are merely weak people trying to make themselves feel strong. Their opinions are being stated to cover their own insecurities. Deep down, we are much stronger than them. We must rely on our inner strength and keep the faith the what we are doing is right, that we know ourselves and our own situation better than other people do. Finally, we should acknowledge that we are different, the things we do are different because they have to be and I, for one, am proud to be different.

Rewiring The Brain (Part 2)

My name is Tom; I am 26 years old and the survivor of an acquired brain injury. On the last post, I spent time stressing the importance of setting goals throughout an ABI recovery. Whether those are simple, short term goals or a more long term, complex goal, they both play an important role in building confidence within us (the patients), it allows you (the carer) to be able to see tangible progress and gives us both the incentive to keep going in what is an adverse situation. Finally, perhaps most importantly, stimulating the brain contributes significantly to establishing and building new pathways to avoid the old damaged ones that don’t work so well anymore, and improving cognitive functions. I believe that there were some things that perhaps I didn’t cover as well as I could have when talking about rewiring the brain, in particular, specific examples of what I did to aid the rewiring process. So I will dive into this a little deeper today.

Assess The Situation

In the last post, I’m unsure whether I made it clear, the idea of goal setting is important, however it should not be undertaken immediately upon the patients return. There is a period of time where both carer and patient should spend time assessing their position, what are your targets? What do you want? What do you need? These questions need to be asked and answers firmly established, between both parties, before any goals are set. Both patient and carer need to be on the same wavelength to ensure they are both working towards the same thing. If there is a miscommunication as to what the desired outcome is, it only has the potential to cause problems in your relationship.

The concept of taking your time for things to happen is something I worked out early. In my opinion, the sooner people directly involved in situations regarding head injuries grasp this concept the smoother things will go. Time is not necessarily the enemy either. When the patient arrives home, I believe that a period of time, allowing them to test their strength (in terms of their brain power: what they can/can’t do, where they struggle, what is still strong, what causes them distress) are all key things to learn when you are aiding an ABI recovery.

It becomes even more important to emphasise the importance of taking time in the recovery process when you deeply consider the idea of brain cells and synapses repairing themselves. I’ve tried to think of an appropriate analogy and this is the best I could come up with; think of an old battered road that has been damaged. So the local council decides to build a new road, a bypass so that the battered road doesn’t have to be used. Building that bypass will take time, effort and resources. As is the case when aiming your anger at public services, it doesn’t matter how angry you get, how much you complain or how much of inconvenience it is, it will only get done in its own time and all the complaining in the world wont make a difference. The repair process of cells multiplying and attaching to the right places and making the right connections is a long and tiresome process (believe me!), you can shout and scream at the process but it wont proceed any faster as a result. Everyone is entitled to moments of despair, anger self-loathing and self pity, I’ve certainly had those moments, but it can get better. You just have to be persistent, patient and determined.

Play to Strengths and Weaknesses

All of the above information is intended to help you tailor a recovery to the patients needs. This was the method our family used: learn my strengths and weaknesses and tailor the recovery to them. This section of today’s upload will give you a few for-instances that have significantly contributed to progress in my recovery. Once you know what causes a patient distress, you can avoid situations that directly involve that cause. An example from my experience; I suffered greatly from anxiety when it came to crowds, and loud noises. As a result my parents did all they could to avoid this environment when I was out with them.

Learning this kind of information will allow you to tailor a patient’s environment, activities and daily routine in a way that will ultimately benefit them. In particular, identifying activities where a patient is strong and tailoring the recovery around those strengths can ultimately help them rewire their brain and strengthen the aspects where they are not strong, build these new roads. An example for you; when I left to go to university, even after a year of trying, I was still having a great deal of trouble with reading. While I recognized the words that were on the page, the problem I was having was with the thinking that was required in imagining the pictures that the words created, so in essence, using my brain for two simultaneous activities. The way that I overcame this obstacle was by reading comic books. A friend of mine gave me a copy of Watchmen (by Alan Moore). Being presented with a visual representation of the characters and only having to deal with dialogue in speech bubbles allowed me to strengthen, not necessarily my reading ability in the strictest sense, but strengthened my brain in the way a body builder lifts weights in a gym. As time went on, I regained my ability to read (and also obtained a love for the medium of comic books and graphic novels).

I also would say that the success I had in further education was partly down to attending a course that suited my situation regarding my cognitive abilities. My degree course was 100% coursework based with no exams. Following the improvement I had seen in my reading after the discovery of comic books, reading and writing weren’t too much of a problem. It was committing things to memory that was (and still is) a problem. The course I did, was all essays or creative work which, again, allowed me to work my brain; build up some strength again and endurance. By the time I progressed into the second year of my course, my brain had been tested significantly and strengthened by those tests.

If there Is one thing I would take from my own experiences regarding the rewiring of the brain, it would be that the brain is a muscle, use it! I realise that this is something of a cliché but it is the best I could come up with. The more you work the brain, at the same time ensuring you do not neglect the essentials such as plenty of rest, good diet and exercise, the stronger you physically, and the brain cognitively, will get over time. It was only when I went back for the second year of university (something that had to be very thoroughly discussed and assessed to see if it was a sensible thing for me at the time) could I say that I felt as though things were improving for me, and that about two years. It does take time, but ambitions are achievable and progress can be made.

Thank you for reading. Please follow me on WordPress to keep up to date with my blog work. Also for anyone wanting to, I am on Twitter and accessible on there, my name is @ABIblogger, and I do my best to respond to those who make the effort to get in touch. Thanks again for reading, keep going and stay strong!

The last of the pseudo-science…

My Name is Tom and I am the survivor of an ABI.

In the last post, I covered the injuries to the brain that I suffered (as I understand them in layman’s terms). In this post, I will be looking at the different sections of the brain, what they do (again, as I understand it), and that will lead us on to the next few weeks where I will discuss the problems I had when waking from my induced coma. Trust me, I am doing my best to get away from the medical stuff, the neurology, and move quickly on to my experiences and the real meat of this blog.

From the research I did through my medical notes, it seems that most of the damage was done to the temporal lobe, the occipital lobe, and some minor damage to the frontal lobes (and I’m sure other places suffered some minor damage due to the midline shift/increased ICP). Now, finding out the function of the different parts (or lobes) of the brain has been interesting to me as it has allowed me to put the after effects I still suffer from in some kind of context. I had done little to no research prior to this blog on what effect the damage to different parts of my brain has had on me. It is much easier to not address it: to live in denial of something is a lot easier than accepting it and taking steps to address and overcome it. After all, it is only really in the last year to eighteen months where I have started to truly accept my ABI and what it has done to me.

Now, the different lobes of the brain and what they do. This is how I understand it and the picture below should give some clarity on the locations of the different lobes.

Colour coded and labelled picture indicating the different lobes of the human brain.
Colour coded and labelled picture indicating the different lobes of the human brain.

The main section of the brain is called the cerebrum and provides the tools for thinking that we use in every day life. It is divided into right and left hemispheres: The left hemisphere is responsible for the logical side of thinking, numbers, words, lists, logic, sequence, linearity etc. and controls the right side of your body. Whereas the right hemisphere controls the left side of your body and is responsible for the more creative endeavors such as rhythm, spatial awareness, colour, imagination and daydreaming. The cerebrum is then split into four different lobes, each of which has a different function.

  1. The Frontal Lobe – The frontal lobe controls so many different aspects of what we do and what our brain does. To include just a few, it controls creative thought, problem solving, intellect, judgement, behaviour, attention, physical reactions, muscle movements, smell and personality.
  2. The Parietal Lobe – The Parietal Lobe mainly focuses on comprehension, monitoring things such as language, reading, visual functions, internal stimuli and sensory comprehension. It is also home to the Sensory Cortex and the Motor Cortex. The Sensory Cortex receives information from the spinal cord regarding the position of our many body parts and how we are moving those body parts. The Motor Cortex helps to check and control the movement of the body.
  3. The Temporal Lobe – The Temporal Lobe controls our visual and audio memories. Located here are sections that help us with speech and language as well as hearing. It also has an effect on some of our behavioural factors. The Temporal Lobe also houses Wernicke’s Area. Little is known about this area by even the best doctors but it is known to help us formulate/understand speech.
  4. The Occipital Lobe – located at the back of the head, it helps to control vision. The Occipital Lobe also houses Broca’s Area, the area of the brain that controls the facial neurons as well as our understanding of speech and language.

So theses are the four main lobes of the brain. I promise you, that that should be that on the science jargon. But I felt it to be important to include some of the scientific/neurology stuff as it places my future experiences in a proper context. So I hope to see you here again. Would love it if I could get a few more followers on Twitter (follow me @ABIblogger) and maybe follow my blog while you’re here. I assure you I am doing this with the main aim of helping people. Any feedback I can get would be amazing! Thank you so much everyone. Stay strong!